Employee Stock Plans
|12 Months Ended|
Apr. 30, 2013
|Employee Stock Plans||
The following table summarizes the components of stock-based compensation expense recognized in the Company’s consolidated statements of income for the periods indicated:
The Company uses the Black-Scholes option valuation model to estimate the grant date fair value of employee stock options. The expected volatility reflects consideration of the historical volatility in the Company’s publicly traded stock during the period the option is granted. The Company believes historical volatility in these instruments is more indicative of expected future volatility than the implied volatility in the price of the Company’s common stock. The expected life of each option is estimated using historical data. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issue with a remaining term approximating the expected term of the option. The Company uses historical data to estimate forfeiture rates applied to the gross amount of expense determined using the option valuation model.
The weighted-average assumptions used to estimate the fair value of each employee stock option for fiscal 2012 were 47.07% expected volatility, 1.47% risk-free interest rate, 5.0 years expected option life, and 0.00% dividend yield. The weighted-average assumptions used to estimate the fair value of each employee stock option for fiscal 2011 were 47.67% expected volatility, 1.83% risk-free interest rate, 5.0 years expected option life, and 0.00% dividend yield. There were no grants of stock options in fiscal 2013.
The Black-Scholes option pricing model was developed for use in estimating the fair value of traded options. The assumptions used in option valuation models are highly subjective, particularly the expected stock price volatility of the underlying stock.
Stock Incentive Plan
At the Company’s 2012 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, held on September 27, 2012, the Company’s stockholders approved an amendment and restatement to the Korn/Ferry International Amended and Restated 2008 Stock Incentive Plan (the 2012 amendment and restatement being the “Second A&R 2008 Plan”), which among other things, increased the current maximum number of shares that may be issued under the plan to 5,700,000 shares, subject to certain changes in the Company’s capital structure and other extraordinary events. The Second A&R 2008 Plan provides for the grant of awards to eligible participants, designated as either nonqualified or incentive stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units, any of which may be performance-based, and incentive bonuses, which may be paid in cash or a combination thereof. Under the Second A&R 2008 Plan, the ability to issue full-value awards is limited by requiring full-value stock awards to count 1.91 times as much as stock options.
Options granted to officers, non-employee directors and other key employees generally vest over a three to four year period and generally expire seven to ten years from the date of grant. Stock options are granted at a price equal to the fair market value of the common stock on the date of grant. Key employees are eligible to receive a grant of stock options annually with the number of options determined by the employee’s performance level. In addition, certain key management members typically receive stock option grants upon commencement of employment.
Stock options transactions under the Company’s Second A&R 2008 Plan, as amended to date, were as follows:
As of April 30, 2013, the aggregate intrinsic value of options outstanding and options exercisable were $3.3 million and $2.4 million, respectively.
As of April 30, 2013, there was $0.7 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested awards of stock options. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 0.8 years. For stock option awards subject to graded vesting, the Company recognizes the total compensation cost on a straight-line basis over the service period for the entire award.
Outstanding stock options:
Additional information pertaining to stock options:
The Company grants time-based restricted stock to executive officers and other senior employees generally vesting over a three to four year period. Time-based restricted stock is granted at a price equal to fair value, which is determined based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the grant date. The Company recognizes compensation expense for time-based restricted stock awards on a straight-line basis over the vesting period.
The Company also grants market-based restricted stock to executive officers and other senior employees. These market-based shares vest after three years depending upon the Company’s total stockholder return over the three-year performance period relative to other companies in its selected peer group. The fair value of these market-based restricted stock awards was determined by a third-party valuation using extensive market data that are based on historical Company and peer group information. The Company recognizes compensation expense for market-based restricted stock awards on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. Employees may receive restricted stock annually in conjunction with the Company’s performance review as well as upon commencement of employment.
Restricted stock activity is summarized below:
As of April 30, 2013, there was $17.7 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested awards of restricted stock, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.4 years. For restricted stock awards subject to graded vesting, the Company recognizes the total compensation cost on a straight-line basis over the service period for the entire award. During fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2012, 197,456 shares and 190,141 shares of restricted stock totaling $2.8 million and $4.2 million, respectively, were repurchased by the Company, at the option of the employee, to pay for taxes related to vesting of restricted stock.
Employee Stock Purchase Plan
The Company has an ESPP that, in accordance with Section 423 of the Internal Revenue Code, allows eligible employees to authorize payroll deductions of up to 15% of their salary, or $25,000 annually, to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock at 85% of the fair market price of the common stock on the last day of the enrollment period. At the Company’s 2011 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, held on September 28, 2011, the Company’s stockholders approved an amendment and restatement of the ESPP, which among other things, increased the maximum number of shares that may be issued under the ESPP from 1.5 million shares to 3.0 million shares. During fiscal 2012 and 2011, employees purchased 76,909 shares at $18.69 per share and 153,913 shares at $14.13 per share, respectively. The ESPP was suspended during the second half of fiscal 2012 and as a result, no shares were purchased during fiscal 2013 or the second half of fiscal 2012. At April 30, 2013, the ESPP had approximately 1.6 million shares remaining available for future issuance.
During fiscal 2013 and 2012, the Company issued 237,856 shares and 228,835 shares of common stock, respectively, as a result of the exercise of stock options, with cash proceeds from the exercise of $2.1 million and $2.9 million, respectively.
During fiscal 2011, the Company repurchased 724,064 shares of the Company’s common stock on the open market for $10.6 million. No shares were repurchased on the open market during fiscal 2013 and 2012.
In June 2002, the Company issued warrants to purchase 274,207 shares of its common stock at an exercise price of $11.94, subject to anti-dilution provisions. During fiscal 2011, these warrants were exercised for 274,207 shares of common stock in exchange for $3.0 million in cash.
The entire disclosure for compensation-related costs for equity-based compensation, which may include disclosure of policies, compensation plan details, allocation of equity compensation, incentive distributions, equity-based arrangements to obtain goods and services, deferred compensation arrangements, employee stock ownership plan details and employee stock purchase plan details.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef